CMPSS

Compare Scalar Single-Precision Floating-Point Values

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
F3 0F C2 /r ib CMPSS xmm1, xmm2/m32, imm8 A Valid Valid Compare low singleprecision floating-point value in xmm2/m32 and xmm1 using imm8 as comparison predicate.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA imm8 ModRM:r/m (r) ModRM:reg (r, w)

Description

Compares the low single-precision floating-point values in the source operand (second operand) and the destination operand (first operand) and returns the results of the comparison to the destination operand. The comparison predicate operand (third operand) specifies the type of comparison performed. The comparison result is a doubleword mask of all 1s (comparison true) or all 0s (comparison false).

The source operand can be an XMM register or a 32-bit memory location. The destination operand is an XMM register. The result is stored in the low doubleword of the destination operand; the 3 high-order doublewords remain unchanged. The comparison predicate operand is an 8-bit immediate, the first 3 bits of which define the type of comparison to be made (see "Comparison Predicate for CMPPD and CMPPS Instructions"). Bits 3 through 7 of the immediate arereserved.

The unordered relationship is true when at least one of the two source operands being compared is a NaN; the ordered relationship is true when neither source operand is a NaN

A subsequent computational instruction that uses the mask result in the destination operand as an input operand will not generate a fault, since a mask of all 0s corresponds to a floating-point value of +0.0 and a mask of all 1s corresponds to a QNaN.

Some of the comparisons listed in "Comparison Predicate for CMPPD and CMPPS Instructions" can be achieved only through softwareemulation. For these comparisons the program must swap the operands (copying registers when necessary to protect the data that will now be in the destination operand), and then perform the compare using a different predicate. The predicate to be used for these emulations is listed in "Comparison Predicate for CMPPD and CMPPS Instructions" under the heading Emulation.

Compilers and assemblers may implement the following two-operand pseudo-ops in addition to the three-operand CMPSS instruction. See "Pseudo-Ops and CMPSS".

"Pseudo-Ops and CMPSS". Pseudo-Ops and CMPSS

Pseudo-Op CMPSS Implementation
CMPEQSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 0
CMPLTSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 1
CMPLESS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 2
CMPUNORDSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 3
CMPNEQSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 4
CMPNLTSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 5
CMPNLESS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 6
CMPORDSS xmm1, xmm2 CMPSS xmm1, xmm2, 7

The greater-than relations not implemented in the processor require more than one instruction to emulate in software and therefore should not be implemented as pseudo-ops. (For these, the programmer should reverse the operands of the corresponding less than relations and use move instructions to ensure that the mask is moved to the correct destination register and that the source operand is left intact.)

In 64-bit mode, use of the REX.R prefix permits this instruction to access additional registers (XMM8-XMM15).

Pseudo Code

CASE (COMPARISON PREDICATE) OF
	0: OP = EQ;
	1: OP = LT;
	2: OP = LE;
	3: OP = UNORD;
	4: OP = NEQ;
	5: OP = NLT;
	6: OP = NLE;
	7: OP = ORD;
	DEFAULT: Reserved;
	CMP0 = DEST[31:0] OP SRC[31:0];
	IF CMP0 = TRUE
		DEST[31:0] = FFFFFFFFH;
	ELSE
		DEST[31:0] = 00000000H;
	FI; (* DEST[127:32] unchanged *)
ESAC;

Exceptions

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

Invalid if SNaN operand, Invalid if QNaN and predicate as listed in above table, Denormal.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 0. If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE[bit 25] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#XM If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 1.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

None.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
Same exceptions as in real address mode.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 0. If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE[bit 25] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#XM If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 1.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#GP If any part of the operand lies outside the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#UD If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 0. If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE[bit 25] = 0.
#XM If an unmasked SIMD floating-point exception and CR4.OSXMMEXCPT[bit 10] = 1.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#GP(0) For an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS or GS segments.