FSTCW/FNSTCW

Store x87 FPU Control Word

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
D9 /7 FNSTCW * m2byte None Valid Valid Store FPU control word to m2byte without checking for pending unmasked floating-point exceptions.
9B D9 /7 FSTCW m2byte None Valid Valid Store FPU control word to m2byte after checking for pending unmasked floating-point exceptions.

Description

Stores the current value of the FPU control word at the specified destination in memory. The FSTCW instruction checks for and handles pending unmasked floating-point exceptions before storing the control word; the FNSTCW instruction does not.

The assembler issues two instructions for the FSTCW instruction (an FWAIT instruction followed by an FNSTCW instruction), and the processor executes each of these instructions in separately. If an exception is generated for either of these instructions, the save EIP points to the instruction that caused the exception.

This instruction's operation is the same in non-64-bit modes and 64-bit mode.

Pseudo Code

DEST = FPUControlWord;

FPU Flags Affected

The C0, C1, C2, and C3 flags are undefined.

Exceptions

Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM CR0.EM[bit 2] or CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#NM CR0.EM[bit 2] or CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#NM CR0.EM[bit 2] or CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#SS If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#NM CR0.EM[bit 2] or CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If the destination is located in a non-writable segment. If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register is used to access memory and it contains a NULL segment selector.