LMSW

Load Machine Status Word

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
0F 01 /6 LMSW r/m16 A Valid Valid Loads r/m16 in machine status word of CR0.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA NA NA ModRM:r/m (r)

Description

Loads the source operand into the machine status word, bits 0 through 15 of register CR0. The source operand can be a 16-bit general-purpose register or a memory location. Only the low-order 4 bits of the source operand (which contains the PE, MP, EM, and TS flags) are loaded into CR0. The PG, CD, NW, AM, WP, NE, and ET flags of CR0 are not affected. The operand-size attribute has no effect on this instruction.

If the PE flag of the source operand (bit 0) is set to 1, the instruction causes the processor to switch to protected mode. While in protected mode, the LMSW instruction cannot be used to clear the PE flag and force a switch back to real-address mode.

The LMSW instruction is provided for use in operating-system software; it should not be used in application programs. In protected or virtual-8086 mode, it can only be executed at CPL 0.

This instruction is provided for compatibility with the Intel 286 processor; programs and procedures intended to run on the Pentium 4, Intel Xeon, P6 family, Pentium, Intel486, and Intel386 processors should use the MOV (control registers) instruction to load the whole CR0 register. The MOV CR0 instruction can be used to set and clear the PE flag in CR0, allowing a procedure or program to switch between protected and real-address modes.

This instruction is a serializing instruction.

This instruction's operation is the same in non-64-bit modes and 64-bit mode. Note that the operand size is fixed at 16 bits.

See "Changes to Instruction Behavior in VMX Non-Root Operation" in Chapter 22 ofthe IntelĀ®64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 3B, for more information about the behavior of this instruction in VMX non-root operation.

Pseudo Code

CR0[0:3] = SRC[0:3];

Flags Affected

None.

Exceptions

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#GP(0) If the current privilege level is not 0. If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If the current privilege level is not 0. If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register is used to access memory and it contains a NULL segment selector.