PHSUBW/PHSUBD

Packed Horizontal Subtract

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
66 0F 38 06 /r PHSUBD xmm1, xmm2/m128 A Valid Valid Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to XMM1.
0F 38 06 /r PHSUBD mm1, mm2/m64 A Valid Valid Subtract 32-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to MM1.
66 0F 38 05 /r PHSUBW xmm1, xmm2/m128 A Valid Valid Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to XMM1.
0F 38 05 /r PHSUBW mm1, mm2/m64 A Valid Valid Subtract 16-bit signed integers horizontally, pack to MM1.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA NA ModRM:r/m (r) ModRM:reg (r, w)

Description

PHSUBW performs horizontal subtraction on each adjacent pair of 16-bit signed integers by subtracting the most significant word from the least significant word of each pair in the source and destination operands, and packs the signed 16-bit results to the destination operand (first operand). PHSUBD performs horizontal subtraction on each adjacent pair of 32-bit signed integers by subtracting the most significant doubleword from the least significant doubleword of each pair, and packs the signed 32-bit result to the destination operand. Both operands can be MMX or XMM registers. When the source operand is a 128-bit memory operand, the operand must be aligned on a 16-byte boundary or a general-protection exception (#GP) will be generated.

In 64-bit mode, use the REX prefix to access additional registers.

Pseudo Code

(* PHSUBW with 64-bit operands: *)
mm1[15-0] = mm1[15-0] - mm1[31-16];
mm1[31-16] = mm1[47-32] - mm1[63-48];
mm1[47-32] = mm2/m64[15-0] - mm2/m64[31-16];
mm1[63-48] = mm2/m64[47-32] - mm2/m64[63-48];
(* PHSUBW with 128-bit operands: *)
xmm1[15-0] = xmm1[15-0] - xmm1[31-16];
xmm1[31-16] = xmm1[47-32] - xmm1[63-48];
xmm1[47-32] = xmm1[79-64] - xmm1[95-80];
xmm1[63-48] = xmm1[111-96] - xmm1[127-112];
xmm1[79-64] = xmm2/m128[15-0] - xmm2/m128[31-16];
xmm1[95-80] = xmm2/m128[47-32] - xmm2/m128[63-48];
xmm1[111-96] = xmm2/m128[79-64] - xmm2/m128[95-80];
xmm1[127-112] = xmm2/m128[111-96] - xmm2/m128[127-112];
(* PHSUBD with 64-bit operands: *)
mm1[31-0] = mm1[31-0] - mm1[63-32];
mm1[63-32] = mm2/m64[31-0] - mm2/m64[63-32];
(* PHSUBD with 128-bit operands: *)
xmm1[31-0] = xmm1[31-0] - xmm1[63-32];
xmm1[63-32] = xmm1[95-64] - xmm1[127-96];
xmm1[95-64] = xmm2/m128[31-0] - xmm2/m128[63-32];
xmm1[127-96] = xmm2/m128[95-64] - xmm2/m128[127-96];

Exceptions

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:ECX.SSSE3[bit 9] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form. (128-bit operations only) If memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same as for protected mode exceptions.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
Same exceptions as in real address mode.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If TS bit in CR0 is set.
#GP(0): If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH. (128-bit operations only) If not aligned on 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. #UD: If CR0.EM = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR(bit 9) = 0. If CPUID.SSSE3(ECX bit 9) = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#MF If there is a pending x87 FPU exception (64-bit operations only).
#NM If TS bit in CR0 is set.
#UD If CR0.EM = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR(bit 9) = 0. If CPUID.SSSE3(ECX bit 9) = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS or GS segments. (128-bit operations only) If not aligned on 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.