PMULUDQ

Multiply Packed Unsigned Doubleword Integers

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
66 0F F4 /r PMULUDQ xmm1, xmm2/m128 A Valid Valid Multiply packed unsigned doubleword integers in xmm1 by packed unsigned doubleword integers in xmm2/m128, and store the quadword results in xmm1.
0F F4 /r PMULUDQ mm1, mm2/m64 A Valid Valid Multiply unsigned doubleword integer in mm1 by unsigned doubleword integer in mm2/m64, and store the quadword result in mm1.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA NA ModRM:r/m (r) ModRM:reg (r, w)

Description

Multiplies the first operand (destination operand) by the second operand (source operand) and stores the result in the destination operand. The source operand can be an unsigned doubleword integer stored in the low doubleword of an MMX technology register or a 64-bit memory location, or it can be two packed unsigned doubleword integers stored in the first (low) and third doublewords of an XMM register or an 128-bit memory location. The destination operand can be an unsigned doubleword integer stored in the low doubleword an MMX technology register or two packed doubleword integers stored in the first and third doublewords of an XMM register. The result is an unsigned quadword integer stored in the destination an MMX technology register or two packed unsigned quadword integers stored in an XMM register. When a quadword result is too large to be represented in 64 bits (overflow), the result is wrapped around and the low 64 bits are written to the destination element (that is, the carry is ignored).

For 64-bit memory operands, 64 bits are fetched from memory, but only the low doubleword is used in the computation; for 128-bit memory operands, 128 bits are fetched from memory, but only the first and third doublewords are used in the computation.

In 64-bit mode, using a REX prefix in the form of REX.R permits this instruction to access additional registers (XMM8-XMM15).

Pseudo Code

(* PMULUDQ instruction with 64-Bit operands: DEST[63:0] = DEST[31:0] * SRC[31:0]; *)
(* PMULUDQ instruction with 128-Bit operands: DEST[63:0] = DEST[31:0] * SRC[31:0]; *)
DEST[127:64] = DEST[95:64] * SRC[95:64];

Flags Affected

None.

Exceptions

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form. (128-bit operations only) If memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same as for protected mode exceptions.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
Same exceptions as in real address mode.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.