PSADBW

Compute Sum of Absolute Differences

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
66 0F F6 /r PSADBW xmm1, xmm2/m128 A Valid Valid Computes the absolute differences of the packed unsigned byte integers from xmm2 /m128 and xmm1; the 8 low differences and 8 high differences are then summed separately to produce two unsigned word integer results.
0F F6 /r PSADBW mm1, mm2/m64 A Valid Valid Computes the absolute differences of the packed unsigned byte integers from mm2 /m64 and mm1; differences are then summed to produce an unsigned word integer result.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA NA ModRM:r/m (r) ModRM:reg (r, w)

Description

Computes the absolute value of the difference of 8 unsigned byte integers from the source operand (second operand) and from the destination operand (first operand). These 8 differences are then summed to produce an unsigned word integer result that is stored in the destination operand. The source operand can be an MMX technology register or a 64-bit memory location or it can be an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. The destination operand can be an MMX technology register or an XMM register.

When operating on 64-bit operands, the word integer result is stored in the low word of the destination operand, and the remaining bytes in the destination operand are cleared to all 0s.

When operating on 128-bit operands, two packed results are computed. Here, the 8 low-order bytes of the source and destination operands are operated on to produce a word result that is stored in the low word of the destination operand, and the 8 high-order bytes are operated on to produce a word result that is stored in bits 64 through

Pseudo Code

(* PSADBW instructions when using 64-bit operands: *)
TEMP0 = ABS(DEST[7:0] - SRC[7:0]);
(* Repeat operation for bytes 2 through 6 *)
TEMP7 = ABS(DEST[63:56] - SRC[63:56]);
DEST[15:0] = SUM(TEMP0:TEMP7);
DEST[63:16] = 000000000000H;
(* PSADBW instructions when using 128-bit operands: *)
TEMP0 = ABS(DEST[7:0] - SRC[7:0]);
(* Repeat operation for bytes 2 through 14 *)
TEMP15 = ABS(DEST[127:120] - SRC[127:120]);
DEST[15:0] = SUM(TEMP0:TEMP7);
DEST[63:16] = 000000000000H;
DEST[79:64] = SUM(TEMP8:TEMP15);
DEST[127:80] = 000000000000H;

Exceptions

Numeric Exceptions

None.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. (128-bit operations only) If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form. (128-bit operations only) If memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non- canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same as for protected mode exceptions.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
Same exceptions as in real address mode.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. Execution of 128-bit instructions on a non-SSE2 capable processor (one that is MMX technology capable) will result in the instruction operating on the mm registers, not #UD. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. Execution of 128-bit instructions on a non-SSE2 capable processor (one that is MMX technology capable) will result in the instruction operating on the mm registers, not #UD. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.