PSUBQ

Subtract Packed Quadword Integers

Opcodes

Hex Mnemonic Encoding Long Mode Legacy Mode Description
66 0F FB /r PSUBQ xmm1, xmm2/m128 A Valid Valid Subtract packed quadword integers in xmm1 from xmm2 /m128.
0F FB /r PSUBQ mm1, mm2/m64 A Valid Valid Subtract quadword integer in mm1 from mm2 /m64.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 0 Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3
A NA NA ModRM:r/m (r) ModRM:reg (r, w)

Description

Subtracts the second operand (source operand) from the first operand (destination operand) and stores the result in the destination operand. The source operand can be a quadword integer stored in an MMX technology register or a 64-bit memory location, or it can be two packed quadword integers stored in an XMM register or an 128-bit memory location. The destination operand can be a quadword integer stored in an MMX technology register or two packed quadword integers stored in an XMM register. When packed quadword operands are used, a SIMD subtract is performed. When a quadword result is too large to be represented in 64 bits (overflow), the result is wrapped around and the low 64 bits are written to the destination element (that is, the carry is ignored).

Note that the PSUBQ instruction can operate on either unsigned or signed (two's complement notation) integers; however, it does not set bits in the EFLAGS register to indicate overflow and/or a carry. To prevent undetected overflow conditions, software must control the ranges of the values upon which it operates.

In 64-bit mode, using a REX prefix in the form of REX.R permits this instruction to access additional registers (XMM8-XMM15).

Pseudo Code

(* PSUBQ instruction with 64-Bit operands: *)
DEST[63:0] = DEST[63:0] - SRC[63:0];
(* PSUBQ instruction with 128-Bit operands: *)
DEST[63:0] = DEST[63:0] - SRC[63:0];
DEST[127:64] = DEST[127:64] - SRC[127:64];

Flags Affected

None. Numeric Exceptions None.

Exceptions

Numeric Exceptions

None.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form. (128-bit operations only) If memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
Same exceptions as in real address mode.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#GP (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.

Protected Mode Exceptions

Exception Description
#AC(0) (64-bit operations only) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#MF (64-bit operations only) If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#NM If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. (128-bit operations only) If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. If the LOCK prefix is used.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. (128-bit operations only) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment.